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Medical Education

Conjunctivitis Eye Infections Viral Red conjunctiva Mucoid discharge in am Watery discharge throughout the day Resolves without treatment in 2-3 weeks May have cold symptoms No eye pain or blurred vision Allergic Watery discharge usually but can be mucoid Bilateral eye involvement Swelling and redness of conjunctivaOther allergy symptoms Waxing and waning for weeks Responds …

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Foot And Ankle Pain Ankle Sprain Very common injury in athletes The usual cause is inversion stress (see picture—>) There is ligament injury/tear—>bleeding from torn ligament blood vessels—> swelling and bruising Pain is diffuse and is worse with walking Exam shows swelling and bruising on the outer side of ankle X-rays is recommended to rule …

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Low Back Pain Lower back pain is classified as: Acute if lasting less than 4 weeks Subacute if lasting 4 to 12 weeks Chronic if lasting more than 12 weeks 90% of acute low back pain have no specific cause identified during evaluation and are labeled as Non Specific Low Back Pain Other Common Causes …

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Female Sexually transmitted diseases affects most ages but it tends to occur in young adults, and most infections are asymptomatic (do not exhibit frank infections symptoms). Risk factors for STDs include: new partner, more than one current partner, a partner with STD, or a partner who has concurrent partners STDs in …

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Sexually Transmitted Diseases in Men Basic male genital tract drawing:A-Urethra ,B-Testicles,C-Scrotum,D-Epidydimis,E-Spermatic Cord,F-Prostate, G-Seminal Vesicle X-Inguinal and femoral lymph nodes (groin lymph nodes) Genital Herpes  (caused by Herpes Simplex I and II) Type I is becoming more prevalent cause of genital herpes(less severe & less frequent flare ups) Incubation is 2-7 days Multiple small blisters(pin head) …

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Knee Pain Knee pain can be caused by : Knee Arthritis (Osteoarthritis, Gout, Pseudogout, Rheumatoid Arthritis and others) Knee Bursitis Baker cyst complication Patellofemoral Syndrome and Iliotibial Band Syndrome Knee trauma Knee Osteoarthritis: This this the most common cause of arthritis This is the leading cause of disability in the US affecting nearly 50% of …

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Acute Diarrhea 80% of acute Diarrhea is caused by infections (viruses, Bacteria and parasites) in addition to food poisoning About 20% is caused by drugs side effects Rarely diarrhea is caused by fecal impaction, kidney & pelvic infections and intestinal ischemia Causes of Acute Diarrhea Food and Water borne Infectious Diarrhea Most infectious diarrhea are …

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Dizziness Dizziness is a nonspecific term that usually means one of the following three: Rotational or Spinning sensation VERTIGO Lightheadedness And Impending Fainting Near fainting  Presyncope Impaired Balance And Gait Disequilibrium VERTIGO Peripheral Vertigo is caused by inner ear dysfunction sending false movement sensation or augmented signals when the head is moving.  Common symptoms associated with …

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Throat Infections Throat Infection Common Presentations Normal Throat Classic Strep. Please notice the enlarged tonsils with whitish grayish exudate. The strawberry tongue and patchy red bleeding dots (Petechiae). Note the swollen tender lymph nodes. Peritonsillar Abscess The untreated infection can progress to form a pocket of pus pushing the tonsil to the opposite side,note the bulging …

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